There’s a corner of my bookcase where I keep some books that have traveled with me since I was a small explorer.  Their corners turn up, their spines have cracks and the page edges are foxed.  But inside lie tales of journeys rendered, adventures lived and scars of the road.  One set was gifted to me by my stepfather more than forty years ago, and I have read those books time and again.  Now I have followed in at least some of the footsteps of their author, J.R.R. Tolkien.  Welcome to Middle Earth, and its real life inspiration.  Come with me to explore The Shire, and the places that inspired Tolkien’s tales of small folk with big hearts.  I can’t promise you hobbits, but I’m sure there’s an adventure waiting to be had.

“This is a story of how a Baggins had an adventure, and found himself doing and saying things altogether unexpected.” -J.R.R. Tolkien

Tolkien in Birmingham

The young JRR moved from South Africa to take up residence in Sarehole, at the time a village in Worcestershire, close to Birmingham.  While Birmingham itself has changed more than a little since Tolkien’s childhood, you’d be surprised to find how much of his inspiration remains.  Although Birmingham, England’s second city and a vibrant cultural hub, has grown to accommodate more than a million people, it has preserved many of the places that young Tolkien enjoyed.  Come with me and find inspiration in Tolkien’s favourite places, now part of Birmingham’s Tolkien Trail.

Sarehole Mill, Birmingham

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, Sarehole Mill, Birmingham

I live not far from the places that sparked the imagination of young Tolkien.  And to be frank, it’s not difficult to see how they could have kindled the fires of magical tales.  For anyone not familiar with The Hobbit, and the trilogy that makes up Lord of the Rings, Tolkien created a world peopled, or perhaps I should say hobbited, with small beings, who inhabit an area called The Shire.  Tolkien’s earliest inspiration came from a place close to his home: Sarehole Mill.

“All that is gold does not glitter, not all those who wander are lost.” –J.R.R. Tolkien

Today this is still a working mill, situated not far from the centre of Birmingham, where its wheel works on the River Cole.  It is run by the Birmingham Museums Trust, and was once used by Matthew Boulton, one the great thinkers of Birmingham.  Boulton, a member of the Lunar Society, used the mill for scientific experiments in metal working.  Now restored, the mill can be visited and you can try its traditionally ground flour.  There’s a bread oven outside which uses the flour ground on the site.  Millers work on Wednesday and Sunday if there is sufficient water in the River Cole to drive the wheel.

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, Sarehole Mill, Birmingham

Tolkien lived just three hundred yards away from the mill at the turn of the century.  He stated that he used it as his inspiration for the Mill at Hobbiton.

“It was a kind of lost paradise… There was an old mill that really did grind corn with two millers, a great big pond with swans on it, a sandpit, a wonderful dell with flowers, a few old-fashioned village houses and, further away, a stream with another mill.”  Tolkien interviewed in 1966 by John Ezard of The Guardian

You can visit Sarehole Mill from Wednesday to Sunday all summer, and it is also open on public holidays.  The Mill hosts all kinds of activities from food fairs to wildlife trails and art.  There is also a deli and cafe on site.

Bilbo Baggins ran “as fast as his furry feet could carry him down the lane, past the great Mill, across The Water and then on for a mile or more.”

Moseley Bog

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, Moseley Bog, Birmingham

This doesn’t sound wildly attractive, but I can assure you that it’s serenely beautiful.  Make your way through any of the Bog’s entrances, and you’re immediately in a new world, way beyond the urbanisation of central Birmingham.  Now a nature reserve,  Moseley Bog includes Bronze Age burnt mounds, which are scheduled ancient monuments.  It’s been carefully crossed by wooden steps and paths, making the delights of its interior very accessible.

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, Moseley Bog, Birmingham

The Coldbath Brook which runs through the site used to feed a reservoir to supply the millpond at Sarehole Mill.  Now drained, the whole area is a vibrant woodland, full of birdsong and rustling leaves.

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, Moseley Bog, Birmingham

Tolkien acknowledged the influence of the bog in his creation of the ancient forests in the Lord of the Rings trilogy.  Listen carefully, and you might hear a mighty Ent on the move.  This is Tolkien’s Old Forest, a wild wood, and the home of Tom Bombadil.

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, Moseley Bog, Birmingham

Moseley Bog is open daily and you can find out how to access the site here.  It is a short walk from Sarehole Mill.

“The road goes ever on and on, down from the door where it began. Now far ahead the road has gone, and I must follow, if I can.” –J.R.R. Tolkien

The Shire Country Park

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, The Shire Country Park, Birmingham

You’ll find the Shire Country Park very close to Edgbaston Cricket Ground and opposite Sarehole Mill.  It runs alongside the River Cole for four miles from Small Heath to Yardley Wood.  Stand with Sarehole Mill to your back, cross the road, and you’ll be facing the sign for The Shire.

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, The Shire Country Park, Birmingham

The sign is deceptive, as you’d never guess just how much there is to explore within.  If, like me, you can never resist turning just one more corner, then you’ll find it difficult to quit once on the path.  It runs alongside the small and gently flowing River Cole, meandering and turning.  Sometimes you are on the river bank.  At other times, there are trees between you and the river, and you can hear the teasing sound of its passage some distance to the side.

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, The Shire Country Park, Birmingham

You can find some evidence of human presence: very lucky houses backing onto the river, a meadow with homes beyond, and a few structures of woven branches.  The woodland is full of willows, alders and oaks.  But mostly it’s you, the butterflies, the birds and the trees.  The million inhabitants of Birmingham around you might as well be on another planet.

“I feel that as long as the Shire lies behind, safe and comfortable, I shall find wandering more bearable: I shall know that somewhere there is a firm foothold, even if my feet cannot stand there again.” –J.R.R. Tolkien

The Shire Country Park consists of wetlands, grasslands, woodland and heath.  It’s not uncommon to see mallards, moorhens and even herons. Get very, very lucky and you might even see a flash of turquoise as a kingfisher passes.  I’ve not yet managed that, but I’m ever hopeful.   You’ll also find foxes and bats.

The pretty ford at Green Lane is one of the few fords on the River Cole, and would have been known to Tolkien.  If you visit in season, don’t forget a bag for blackberrying.

The Shire Country Park is open daily.  You can find out more about it here.

“If most of us valued food and cheer and song above hoarded gold it would be a merrier world.” –J.R.R. Tolkien

More Of The Shire

11 Wonderful Things To Do In Worcestershire - Malvern Hills

Tolkein’s inspiration for The Shire didn’t stop in Birmingham.  It is said that the whole expanse of Worcestershire across to the Malverns also provided the context for the land of happy small wanderers.

“The world is indeed full of peril and in it there are many dark places. But still there is much that is fair. And though in all lands, love is now mingled with grief, it still grows, perhaps, the greater.” –J.R.R. Tolkien

At the time Tolkien lived in Birmingham, Sarehole was a Worcestershire village, although now subsumed into the area of Hall Green within the city.  So it is not surprising that Tolkien drew inspiration from Worcestershire itself, from the rolling hills at Clent and Lickey, and from the majestic Malverns further to the south.  You can even visit the real Bag End, the farm that made its way into fiction.

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth

The Two Towers

Tolkien lived for a while with his aunt at Stirling Road in Edgbaston, just outside the city centre.  Here he found inspiration in two towers, situated very close to his aunt’s house.

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, Perrott's Folly, Birmingham

The first is Perrott’s Folly, built in 1758 by John Perrott.  It was originally part of a hunting lodge, and remains as a crenelated gothic tower, some 30 metres tall.  In the nineteenth century it was one of the first weather recording stations in the country.  Now it nestles within the inner city development of Birmingham.

We’ve explored many more follies across the UK, and you can read about them here.

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, Edgbaston Waterworks Tower, Birmingham

The second is the ornate later Victorian tower of Edgbaston Waterworks, built to a design by Chamberlain around 1870.  The two towers are said to have inspired Minas Morghul and Minas Tirith, the Two Towers of Gondor, responsible for the second volume of Lord of the Rings.

“It’s a dangerous business, Frodo, going out your door. You step onto the road, and if you don’t keep your feet, there’s no telling where you might be swept off to.” –J.R.R. Tolkien

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Perrott's Folly

More of Tolkien in Birmingham

There are plenty more places in Birmingham to explore if you want to complete the Tolkien Trail.  The Oratory, situated near Five Ways at the city end of Hagley Road, was regularly attended by the Tolkien family.

Tolkien was educated at King Edward’s School in Birmingham, where he was librarian and secretary of the debating and literary societies.  The original Pugin-designed New Street building was demolished in 1936, but a corridor was saved to form the new school chapel.  You can take a guided tour of the chapel on Friday afternoons during term time, but should check in advance to see that a tour is available.

Near The Oratory you’ll find Highfield Road, where Tolkien’s guardian secured him lodgings in an attempt to break up his growing relationship with Edith Bratt.  The success of this measure can be seen by the later visit of the now married couple to the Plough and Harrow Hotel in 1916.

“Edith and Ronald took to frequenting Birmingham teashops, especially one which had a balcony overlooking the pavement. There they would sit and throw sugar lumps into the hats of passers-by, moving to the next table when the sugar bowl was empty. … ” From Tolkien’s biography

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - University of Birmingham. Tolkien Trail, Birmingham

The University of Birmingham was requisitioned as a military hospital during the First World War, with many buildings such as The Great Hall becoming wards.  Tolkien was brought to the hospital with trench fever in November 1916, and remained there for six weeks, recovering slowly after discharge.  The brightly lit clock face of the Chamberlain Tower, the most familiar landmark of the university, may also have inspired him.  It is thought to be the roots of the idea for the scary Eye of Sauron.  You can visit the University Great Hall during office hours.

“I found it is the small everyday deeds of ordinary folk that keep the darkness at bay, small acts of kindness and love.” –J.R.R. Tolkien

Tolkien at the New Library of Birmingham

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Library of Birmingham. Tolkien Trail, Birmingham

The beautiful and distinctive new Library of Birmingham hosts a variety of materials relating to Tolkien.  Once you’ve explored the roof terrace, the hidden garden and the talkative lifts, head to the Level 4 Archives and Heritage section to discover more.

The Library links directly to the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, where you’ll find an interesting blue plaque.  It commemorates one Dr J Sampson Gamgee, local surgeon and creator of the Birmingham Hospital Saturday Fund. Gamgee’s widow lived opposite Tolkien’s aunt.  You may recognise Sam Gamgee as Frodo’s companion in Lord of the Rings.

“Little by little, one travels far.” –J.R.R. Tolkien

Explore More in Birmingham

Taking the Tolkien Trail in Birmingham - Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth - Tolkien Trail, Birmingham

If we’ve given you a taste for the unexpected in Birmingham, then check out our local’s guide to England’s second city.  It really is a place full of unexpected treasures alongside the odd hobbit, ent and elf.  For more on the Tolkien Trail, you can download this useful guide.

If words make you happy, then don’t forget to check out the literary landscapes that inspired them.  We’ve also shared our favourite books to capture wanderlust.

“Then something Tookish woke up inside him, and he wished to go and see the great mountains, and hear the pine-trees and the waterfalls, and explore the caves, and wear a sword instead of a walking-stick.” –J.R.R. Tolkien

If you enjoyed this, why not pin it for later!

“Home is behind, the world ahead.” –J.R.R. Tolkien


Author: Bernie

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29 thoughts on “Taking The Tolkien Trail In Birmingham: Exploring Marvelous Middle Earth

  1. Wow, I never knew that. I love that every day is a school day. Love to see too where someone’s inspiration for a book, poem or artwork comes from. What a lovely blog. Kx

    Posted on July 28, 2018 at 12:22 pm
    1. I still can’t quite believe that these oases of calm are just a short way off the ring road. Walk round the first corner, and you’d never know you are in Birmingham.

      Posted on July 28, 2018 at 3:04 pm
  2. I read Tolkien’s books with great enjoyment so I loved this post about the places that were his inspiration.

    Posted on July 28, 2018 at 6:25 pm
    1. I can see why he found a whole different world in Moseley Bog and at Sarehole Mill. The walk along the River Cole is beautiful too.

      Posted on July 28, 2018 at 8:52 pm
  3. Great post – love your photos! I am in awe and inspired at the same time! Thanks for sharing. 😊

    Posted on July 28, 2018 at 10:06 pm
    1. Ah, thank you! I’ve been testing a new camera, so it’s great to know that it’s working out ok.

      Posted on July 28, 2018 at 11:09 pm
  4. You had me at “Tokien”. I love the LOTR series! It was lovely to stroll along with you on this fascinating tour of Birmingham. The Chamberlain Tower has to be the inspiration for the eye of Sauron! I reference the “eye’ each time I look out my window at the gray skies of Burnaby, BC, Canada during the almost 8 months of rain we see here. I am a huge fan of Ents, believing as I do that they truly exist, today. Often, I will speak to a tree or two to compliment them or ask them to relay messages or ask them to watch over loved ones. I feel very connected to tree spirits.

    Posted on July 30, 2018 at 7:36 am
    1. The Shire and its scarier counterparts are certainly a whole other world. I was amazed at how tranquil it was deep in Moseley Bog and the Country Park. If I were an Ent, I’d be very happy to have made that spot my home.

      Posted on July 30, 2018 at 7:45 am
  5. I am so embarrassed to say that I have grown up in the Malverns my whole life and have never done this trail. This is a great post and I’m sure if I tell my boyfriend we will have to go and find everything!

    Posted on August 7, 2018 at 2:21 pm
    1. It’s really worth taking the time. The Two Towers are quite fun to spot – Edgbaston Waterworks is a bit hidden until you walk well past Perrott’s Folly. From Sarehole Mill to The Shire and Moseley Bog is absolutely beautiful. I’m imagining it almost unchanged since the young JRR walked there.

      Posted on August 7, 2018 at 9:31 pm
  6. Nice. Tha ks for sharing. Didn’t know about this in the UK. Only knew about the hobbiton in New Zealand.

    Posted on August 7, 2018 at 3:22 pm
    1. Tolkien described himself as “a Birmingham man” but I would never have guessed that the inspiration for the countryside of The Shire came from England’s second biggest city. And it’s still tranquil and very leafy today.

      Posted on August 7, 2018 at 9:29 pm
  7. This was such a delight to read. I am a fan of the LOTR and the Hobbit. How fun to actually see and walk where many of his inspiration came from!

    Posted on August 7, 2018 at 3:45 pm
    1. It’s a lovely and rather strange walk. You find yourself looking at an enormous tree, and wondering if the young JRR saw it as an Ent. It’s certainly a place to inspire adventures.

      Posted on August 7, 2018 at 9:27 pm
  8. I love this post! I have just moved to Birmingham and I live just two roads away from Stirling Road! I am still enjoying doing touristy things in Birmingham so would love to visit Sarehole Hill. I love the photo you have of Worcestershire, I have walked in the Malverns twice before. Really showcases how beautiful the Midlands are <3

    Posted on August 7, 2018 at 7:45 pm
    1. How fabulous that you live under the Two Towers! Sarehole Mill and The Shire/Moseley Bog are well worth a visit, and you’ll definitely feel you’re no longer in the city. No question that the Midlands are gorgeous.

      Posted on August 7, 2018 at 9:26 pm
  9. The views are so scenic! I guess I can see the inspiration he derived from Moseley Bog and the Shire Country Park. Both places are so lush (*wild*) and beautiful.

    Posted on August 8, 2018 at 5:39 am
    1. The very wildness is so wonderful, especially in a big city. Although the paths are kept clear, it’s kept just wild enough to really appreciate nature doing her best work. And to spot the wildlife like that squirrel, who I would swear posed for my picture.

      Posted on August 8, 2018 at 11:00 am
  10. I really enjoyed reading that. I love books and always find it interesting where authors find their inspiration. I wish I had the imagination of Tolkien.

    Posted on August 8, 2018 at 5:58 am
    1. Ah, me too! But I can certainly see how this beautiful spot would inspire you to Big Adventures in a place that feels like a different world.

      Posted on August 8, 2018 at 10:58 am
  11. I can hear the chirping of the birds and the soft rustle of leaves already! What a delightful place Birmingham is. Maybe a picnic basket full of goodies in the warm afternoon sun. Is that permitted along on the trail?

    Posted on August 8, 2018 at 6:26 am
    1. I’m not entirely sure, Punita, but it would be an excellent plan. As a Country Park, I’m thinking it would be ok. The lovely thing is that we saw people had treated the place with great respect, and left it as they found it. It’s such a great spot to unwind and appreciate the beauty of nature in the heart of the city.

      Posted on August 8, 2018 at 10:57 am
  12. Your photos and description make it easy to see how the these places in Birmingham inspired the Shire in Tolkien’s books. I loved your use of quotes from the books and his interviews. They illustrate the connection between fact and fiction perfectly.

    Posted on August 9, 2018 at 3:19 am
    1. Until I began writing this, I hadn’t realised just how much Tolkien has to say about travel and journeys. He certainly had the heart of an adventurer.

      Posted on August 9, 2018 at 9:12 am
  13. I love the ever-present interconnection of British literature and actual places (and in Britain, the landscapes, villages and towns seem to be made to spark the literary fantasy :)). I am both a LOTR series fan and the Harry Potter fan, and it was so interesting to explore London and finding the spots where the events in the book / movies took place. The River Cole and its surroundings look like a fairy tale land, so lush!

    Posted on August 9, 2018 at 9:05 am
    1. Finding the Cole so beautiful was wonderful. It may be that with the city centre not built around the river, we sometimes forget it’s there. Potter’s London sounds fascinating.

      Posted on August 9, 2018 at 9:10 am
  14. Bernie, I really enjoy your style of writing! As a Tolkein lover myself, I’m looking forward to walking this trail before the year is up.

    Posted on August 15, 2018 at 1:10 pm
  15. Glad to have stumbled upon your blog while hunting for Tolkien trail info. He has a blue plaque on a building in Harrogate too! Do you have any more details on where Bag End farm is please? You say Worcestershire, just wondering if there are more precise directions?

    Posted on January 28, 2019 at 9:02 pm
    1. It’s great to hear of more places in England where Tolkien made his mark. You asked for information about the location of Bag End. It’s in Dormston, which is about 15 miles west of Stratford-upon-Avon, or 3 miles south of Redditch over the Worcestershire border. If you approach from Stratford (from the east), you’ll find St Nicholas’s Church to the far right in the village. The farm at Bag End is to the left. Tolkien stayed there in 1923 when recovering from pneumonia. The farm itself is difficult to spot from the road, but there are lots of pretty half-timbered buildings in the village.

      Worcestershire Council’s website says that the church dates back to the early 14th century and is one of the original forest churches. It also notes that the Manor (Bag End Farm) probably dates from around 1600, and has two dovecotes.

      Hope that’s some help if you choose to visit. I checked out Google Directions, and it will take you to the village itself, after which it’s easy to explore as the place is very small.

      And I’m sorry for the delay in getting back to you. I’m afraid I had to retrieve your comment from spam due to some over-zealous software.

      Posted on February 7, 2019 at 9:46 pm